Mushroom has been a part of our kitchens from earlier times. There are many types of fungi, one of them is mushroom. But it doesn’t end here, there are many varieties of mushrooms including edible mushrooms.
Mushrooms can be found in stores as well as in woods. But here we should take care of what kind of mushroom are we opting for as there are the poisonous ones looking similar to the savory ones. It is not a good idea to hunt them yourself unless you’re an expert mycologist.
Nowadays, mushrooms are very common and can be available in stores and supermarkets, It is safe to pick them from there.
Let’s know more about it and see how can we pick the perfect mushrooms for our taste buds.
Mushroom belongs from a separate kingdom of fungi apart from living organisms. It is a different species from plants and animals. It is a multicellular fungus with the soft and fleshy extension of mycelia and hyphae.
Mushrooms cannot synthesize their own food as it lacks chlorophyll, so it appeared in colors other than green. It is white, brown, or dark in color and survives on readymade organic matter.
It grows in different shapes and appearances and has a cap and a stalk. It is found on organic manure, wood, hummus, or any rotting matter.
Besides having so many varieties of mushrooms only some of them are cultivated as Edible Mushrooms.
Mushrooms have different varieties but only a few of them can be consumed. They can be domestic or wild. Domestic mushrooms are those which are grown under supervised farming for marketing purposes whereas, Wild mushrooms are those which are found in forest and fields.
The edible mushrooms are further classified into two groups; First is the Basidiomycetes and the other is Ascomycetes.
Shelf or bracket fungi, bolete, and button mushrooms come under the Basidiomycetes.
Truffles and morels come under the
Above all of them, the White Button Mushrooms are consumed more commonly and popularly. Mushrooms in India are not that popular but this kind of edible mushroom is consumed by Indians also.
White button mushroom
The scientific name of the White button mushroom is Agaricus Bosphorus.
These are sold at various stages of growth because of their different qualities.
Immature is the common button, white or table mushrooms.
Immature, Chestnut or Cremini has a thicker stem and a harder pale brown cap. It has a more mushroomy flavor and meatier texture than white mushrooms.
Mature is the portobello mushroom.
They are widely cultivated and are easily available in shops, stores, and supermarkets in cans and polythene seal packed boxes. They are perishable and if stored properly it remains fresh for 3-5 days.
These mushrooms are cultivated on artificially composed beds. The pasteurized compost works as a food source for them and keeps away other fungi and bacteria.
Health Benefits of Edible Mushrooms
The white button mushrooms are low in calories and contain a fair amount of protein, amino acid, minerals, vitamins, and fiber.
Vitamin D is beneficial for bone growth and calcium metabolism.
It also contains an excellent level of selenium, copper, phosphorus, zinc, and potassium. Selenium plays an important role in improving the quality of liver and heart tissue.
Copper is responsible for cell production.
Button mushrooms carry a good amount of Riboflavin(Vitamin B-2). Deficiency of riboflavin could lead to ulcers in the mouth, cracked lips, and rashes.
The task of preparing mushrooms is to be done very carefully like choosing them.
Brush the mushrooms with a soft brush or rub it with a cloth to remove the dirt from it, do not peel the mushrooms as it may lead to the loss of flavor. Rinse them with cold water before using them in any recipe.
Cooking tips for Mushroom
- Mushrooms should be cooked in stainless steel or glass utensils. Casting iron or terra cotta pots may avoid their browning.
- Add salt at the end of the cooking to prevent them from shrinking as it leads to draining out the water.
- For maximum flavor add at the end of cooking.
- Freezing mushrooms affect the texture and reduce their flavor.
Well, cleaned mushrooms can be used whole in the form of cubes or slices. It can be eaten raw in salads. Finely sliced mushrooms can be added to soups. Diced mushrooms are added in stir-fries with chicken, Indian curries, and seafood.
The sliced and diced heads are also used in pasta, pastry, and in the toppings of pizza.
Large mushrooms are used for grilling, stuffing, and baking.
Here’s a delicious low carb mushroom recipe:-
- 500g Button or cremini mushrooms
- 4tsp Unsalted butter
- 1tsp Olive oil
- ½ Onion chopped
- 4cloves Fresh Garlic
- Mixed herbs (oregano, basil, rosemary)
- Salt and pepper as per taste
- Heat a pan, add butter and oil in it.
- Add the chopped onion and cook it until it turns transparent
- Now add the mushrooms and cook for 4-5 minutes. Saute it until it turns golden and crispy on the edges.
- Add garlic and saute for 30 seconds
- Add the seasoning with salt and pepper mix it well and switch off the flame.
The steamy hot Garlic mushrooms are ready to serve.
Try this amazingly delicious Garlic Mushroom recipe and enjoy it with your family and friends. Mushroom can be a healthy addition to your diet. You just need to take care of the source from which you are obtaining it. Buy it with care as the mushrooms can be healthful as well as toxic.